Paleogenetics changed today’s anthropogenesis theories and the study of our genomes and genomes of our ancestors allowed us to answer some of the questions regarding the human evolution. What makes the brain of Homo Sapiens different from the brain of Homo Neanderthalensis and Homo Denisovensis? How did the brain functions change? Does it continue to evolve?

Konstantin Vladimirovich Anokhin, Head of the Laboratory for Neurobiology of Memory of the P. K. Anokhin Hominal Physiology Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Head of the Department of Neurosciences, NBIC Center – Russian Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences и Russian Academy of Medical Sciences