The Bologna professor’s frogs, like the Pavlovian dogs, fully deserved a monument. And Luigi Galvani himself will forever remain in the memory of all mankind.
Exactly 284 years ago, a famous doctor, anatomist, physiologist, and physicist, one of the founders of electrophysiology and the doctrine of electricity, the founder of experimental electrophysiology Luigi Galvani was born in Bologna (Italy).
The name of the Italian scientist remained forever in the history of science and was immortalized as a new current source – the galvanic cell. As well as the galvanometer – the device that measures small electric currents. A crater on the far side of the Moon was also named in honor of Luigi Galvani in 1961.
What was the Italian physiologist so famous for? Galvani studied medicine and philosophy at the University of Bologna. Soon after his graduation, he became the university anatomist and surgery professor. The scientist’s greatest fame was brought by his experiments with frogs: it was on these animals that in 1771, Galvani conducted research on the study of muscle contraction and soon discovered the phenomenon of muscle contraction of a dissected frog under the influence of an electric current, which he called “animal electricity.” In 1791, Galvani published his results in his treatise, “The effect of electricity on muscular motion.”
Galvani was also known as a talented surgeon, obstetrician, and a bright lecturer who was very popular with students.
Luigi Galvani’s work in the field of electricity was continued, among others, by the notorious Alessandro Volta. As for Galvani himself, he died on December 4, 1798, in his native Italy, at the age of 61.
Photos: http://900igr.net/prezentacija/geografija/prirodnoe-elektrichestvo-237460/opyty-galvani-7.html, https://ru.123rf.com (photo on the homepage)