Life of Outstanding Scientists, страница 9


Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin. Russian biologist and plant breeder, creator of many sorts of fruit plants.


William Harvey. English physician, anatomist, pioneer of physiology and embryology. Discovered blood circulation.


Friedrich August von Esmarch. German surgeon, one of the aseptics, antiseptics and disaster medicine pioneers. Renowned for the irrigator.


French physician, one of the founders of modern neuropathology and psychiatry, member of Paris Academy of Sciences, “Shower Man.”


Kirill Ivanovich Shchelkin. Soviet physicist, First Chief Research Officer and Chief Designer of the Chelyabinsk-70 Nuclear Center, now the Russian Federal Nuclear Center.


Stephen William Hawking. English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, writer. Unbroken.


Casimir Funk. Polish and American biochemist. “Inventor” of vitamins.


Jean Bernard Léon Foucault. French physicist, mechanic and astronomer, Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences, Member of the Berlin Academy of Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences, Foreign Member of the Royal Society of London.


John Flamsteed. English astronomer, Founder and First Director of the Royal Greenwich Observatory.


Michael Faraday. English physicist and chemist. Fellow of the Royal Society of London, Foreign Honorary Member of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences. Discoverer.


John Ronald Reuel Tolkien. English linguist, philologist. Professor of the University of Oxford. Creator of the Middle-earth.


Vladimir Andreyevich Steklov. Russian mathematician and mechanic. Full Member of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences, Vice President of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union. Founder and First Director of the Institute of Physics and Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences.


Nikolay Ivanovich Pirogov. Russian surgeon and anatomist, natural scientist and teacher


Wolfgang Ernst Pauli. Swiss theoretical physicist who worked in the field of elementary particle physics and quantum mechanics. Winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics


Thomas Hunt Morgan. American biologist, one of the founders of genetics. Winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine. Morganist


Hendrik Anton Lorenz. Dutch theoretical physicist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics. Member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences, foreign corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences and foreign honorary member of the USSR Academy of Sciences.


Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov, Russian natural scientist, poet, historian, geographer. Full member of the St. Petersburg Imperial Academy of Sciences and honorary member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences


Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier, French mathematician and astronomer. Discovered Neptune “at the tip of his pen”


Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, Russian experimental physicist, who was the first to confirm Maxwell’s conclusion about the presence of light pressure. Founder of the first Russian scientific physical school


Pierre-Simon, Marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, mechanic, physicist, and astronomer


Soviet mathematician and mechanic, founder of the Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences and Novosibirsk Akademgorodok, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences and Vice-President of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Hero of Socialist Labor, winner of the Lenin and Stalin Prizes


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