Life of Outstanding Scientists, страница 7

41

French philosopher, writer and thinker.

325

 American inventor and businessman who received over one thousand patents in the USA and about three thousand patents in other countries. In 1930, he became the honorary member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.

39

Lev Sergeevich Termen. Russian and Soviet inventor, creator of the family of musical instruments, the most famous of which is the termenvox. Laureate of the Stalin Prize, 1st degree.

34

Plutarch. Ancient Greek philosopher and historian

443

Louis Pasteur. French microbiologist and chemist, member of the French Academy. One of the founders of microbiology and immunology. Invented pasteurization, was treating beer and wine. Saved humans from rabies.

41

Sigmund Freud. Austrian psychoanalyst, psychiatrist and neurologist, the founder of psychoanalysis

39

Adam Smith. Scottish economist, philosopher, one of the founders of the modern economic theory. Member of the Royal Society of London.

474

Leonardo Pisano. First major mathematician of medieval Europe. Best known under the nickname Fibonacci.

36

George Stephenson. English inventor, mechanical engineer. He is considered to be one of the “fathers” of railway communication.

36

Socrates. Ancient Greek philosopher 

45

Alexander Mikhailovich Prokhorov. Russian physicist, one of the founders of quantum electronics, twice Hero of Socialist Labor, laureate of the Lenin Prize and the State Prize of the USSR, and the State Prize of the Russian Federation.

32

Nikola Tesla. Physicist and engineer, inventor in the field of electrical and radio engineering

42

Richard Phillips Feynman. Outstanding American scientist. One of the creators of quantum electrodynamics, one of atomic bomb developers. Reformer of teaching methods used at teaching physics at universities. Laureate of the Nobel Prize in Physics.

39

Arthur Schopenhauer. German philosopher. Frequently called “the philosopher of pessimism”.

385

Ivan Ivanovich Polzunov. Russian inventor, creator of Russia's first steam engine and the world's first two-cylinder steam engine.

38

Geaorgy Nikolaevich Flyorov. Soviet nuclear physicist, one of the founders of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna. An academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR

35

Andrey Nikolaevich Tupolev. Russian and Soviet aircraft engineer, academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Hero of Labor, triple Hero of Socialist Labor, Laureate of the Lenin Prize, four Stalin Prizes and the State Prize.

32

Mikhail Kuzmich Yangel. Soviet constructor of rocket and space complexes. Doctor of engineering, academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor.

49

Yakov Isidorovich Perelman. Scientist and popularizer of science. The author of many books on “amusing” science

48

Eduard Ivanovich Totleben. Military engineer, builder

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What saints did the conquistadors pray to and why did they decide to conquer Mexico? What was the ethnic, regional, and age composition of the Conquista? 

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