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Life of Outstanding Scientists, page #3

72

Dmitry Sergeevich Likhachov – Russian philologist, culture scholar, art critic, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

88

Sofya Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya – Russian mathematician and mechanic, foreign corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences.

90

Linus Benedict Torvalds – Finnish-American software engineer. Creator of Linux – the most widespread free operating system.

63

Ivan Petrovich Kulibin – Russian inventor, nicknamed “Archimedes of Nizhny Novgorod.”

85

Pavel Matveyevich Obukhov – Mining engineer, metallurgist, who discovered a method for producing high-quality steel. The founder of a large-scale production of cast steel and steel gun barrels in Russia.

86

Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev – chemist, creator of an industrial method for producing synthetic rubber. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.

76

Marcus Tullius Cicero – Ancient Roman politician, orator, and philosopher.

80

Yevgeny Viktorovich Tarle – Russian and Soviet historian, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Popular biographer.

114

Vasily Nikitich Tatishchev – Russian historian, geographer, economist and statesman, author of the first major work on Russian history.

86

Sergey Ivanovich Mosin – Russian engineer and organizer of small arms production. General-Major. Creator of the three-line rifle named after him.

86

Alexander Nikolaevich Lodygin – Russian electrical engineer, one of the incandescent lamp inventors.

68

Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa – Soviet physicist, founder of the Institute for Physical Problems. One of the founders of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. Winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics.

80

Vladimir Ivanovich Dal – Russian scientist and lexicographer, compiler of Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language. Honorary Academician of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences.

84

Pavel Petrovich Anosov – Russian metallurgy scientist, researcher of the Southern Urals nature. Creator of Russian bulat.

77

Alexander Graham Bell – Scientist, inventor and businessman, one of the founders of telephony.

74

Évariste Galois – French mathematician, founder of modern higher algebra.

83

Jöns Jacob Berzelius – Swedish chemist, President of the Swedish Academy of Sciences. Discoverer of several elements. Baron.

229

Nikolay Yegorovich Zhukovsky. 5 (17) January 1847 – 17 March 1921. Russian mechanic, founder of aerodynamics.

72

James Cook. October 27, 1728 – February 14, 1779. English explorer and cartographer, fellow of the Royal Society.

169

William Thomson, Lord Kelvin. June 26, 1824 – December 17, 1907. British mathematician, physicist, and engineer.

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493

What saints did the conquistadors pray to and why did they decide to conquer Mexico? What was the ethnic, regional, and age composition of the Conquista? 

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