He could treat Pushkin and probably treated him. It is not for nothing that the poet’s mother gave as gift a miniature painting featuring three-year-old Pushkin to Mudrov’s daughter. These were the green years of medical science: the knowledge of humans and their diseases were scarce and incomplete. Thus the merits of Mudrov look even greater. The graduate of Moscow University and intern of many European ones, he founded Russian clinical school, introduced innovative (for that time) diagnostic methods to Russian medicine, like percussion and auscultation of heart and lungs, set the practice of questioning the patients and completing clinical records. He knew the value of these charts for medicine very well and kept them safe. During the fire of 1812 in Moscow, the physician left the scientific luxury of his unique library and saved only 40 volumes of medical records. At the dawn of medical science, Mudrov realized the truth which is sometimes very difficult for the modern physicians to make out: “We should treat neither the very disease, as we often cannot find a name for it, nor the causes of it, which the physician, patient and the people around him/her are often unaware of, but the very patient, his/her organism, internal parts and limbs.” The other ideas of brilliant therapist are also worth being quoted: “It is easier to protect against diseases than to treat them,” “a third-rate physician is more likely to do harm than good.”
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