It was famous scientist Blaise Pascal who stood at the origins of public transport. He shared the idea of creating a travel mode accessible and affordable for common people with Duke de Roannez. The duke took interest in multi-seat carriages for public, and he founded a joint stock company. Thus, horse-drawn buses started running along the streets of Paris. However, such a carriage was not called omnibus at that time. This term was invented later, yet also in France. They say that Etienne Bureau organized the transportation of his grandfather’s employees between the office of shipping company and customs office. The employees would get into a carriage in the market square of Nantes near a milliner’s shop owned by a Mr. Omnes. The enterprising businessman decided to make play with his name and put up a sign saying Omnes Omnibus (everything for all as translated from Latin). The employees of Bureau’s grandfather caught the bug and started speaking: “Let us take the omnibus.” So when retired officer Stanislas Baudry, owner of a bath in the outskirts of the city, organized a real line of multiseat carriages, the people started calling this mode of transport omnibus. “A carriage, coach or other type of big chart for traveling in the city,” Vladimir Dal explains.
In 1662, the first route of public passenger transport was established in Paris