В 1600 г. суд инквизиции вынес приговор Джордано Бруно

“The life, like abyss has no limits.

We’ll stop the Ptolemean star –

And swirl of worlds, and host of planets

Will show up in blazing flame.”

This is the extract from poem Giordano Bruno by Ivan Bunin. Filippo Bruno, whom everybody knows under his monastic name Giordano, was not a model clergyman. Philosopher and thinker, he believed faith to be just a method of guiding backward people, which are to be controlled. He would oppose evidence to faith, the evidence that is required by those who see the truth and can control themselves and other people. Giordano Bruno marked a place for himself in textbooks and encyclopedias as the author of idea about infinity of the universe and habitable planets. “They say that I want to turn the world upside down by my ideas. However, would it be bad to rock the upturned world?” the philosopher wondered. It turned out that it was very bad. Someone blew a whistle on him, and the thinker found himself in prison. The church authorities were persuading him to recant heresy for eight years, yet failed and committed the philosopher for trial. On February 8, 1600 the inquisition court jury including nine cardinals pronounced the sentence: to declare him an impenitent heretic, place under the ban and “execute in a merciful way without spilling blood” (which means burning). Giordano Bruno listened to the verdict fearlessly and said: “You are probably more afraid while pronouncing this sentence than I am listening to it.” Later the monument to Giordano Bruno was erected in Campo dei Fiori (field of flowers) in Rome – the square where the philosopher was burned. The monument bears inscription “From the century he had foreseen, at the place where the fire was laid.”