According to Peter I the Great’s calendar, it was on June 27. But it would be more appropriate to consider it as our May 9: in Peter’s times, it was a state holiday, Victory Day, the day of “the glorious victory near Poltava.” How did King Charles XII of Sweden get to Novorossiya? He went there on business: there was a large warehouse of weapons and ammunition. However, his trip for cannon balls and gunpowder ended with a smashing defeat of his army. “Once near Poltava…” Molchanov, a little-known Russian poet, wrote. And Alexander Pushkin told us how everything happened: “Peter emerged… He quickly moves, magnificent, like bolts of lightning cast by God.,” “The Swedes and Russians—chop, hack, cut,” “Hurrah! The Swedes, at last, are broken,” “Another surge—our foes retreat.” The foes retreated far away but learned the lesson. According to Swedish historian Peter Englund, “one of the roads towards today’s well-being of Sweden started near Poltava.”
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