7 мая 1774 года родился  Фрэнсис Бофорт

This is not the Beaufort who brought badminton from India. Rather, he was a seaman and an admiral who, after suffering a serious injury, served as the Hydrographer of the British Navy. He found it uncomfortable and cumbersome to explain the strength of the wind with verbal formulas, and he came up with the idea of denoting wind speed and sea disturbance with numbers from zero to 12. Zero corresponds to calm seas, 4 points to moderate wind, 10 to a storm, 12 to a hurricane. Instead of “extremely rough” or “high and violent,” as was the case before.