Melnikov had no niche specialization – he built exhibition pavilions and clubs, a sarcophagus for the mausoleum, garages, housing. Konstantin Stepanovich is famous for his exhibition pavilions: the “Mahorka" at the All-Russian Artisanal and Industrial Exhibition in 1923 and the USSR pavilion at the International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts in Paris in 1924. Even in those days it seemed strange that these structures were made of wood. But the temporary structures survived much longer than it was intended. The pavilion of the Paris exhibition was dismantled and later it became the only one to be assembled later on the outskirts of Paris to serve as a workers' club for many years. The well-known Melnikov clubs and garages are the best preserved. There were five clubs built in Moscow and one in Likino-Dulevo. Any lover of architecture knows the Moscow clubs: Rusakov Club, Kauchuk, Gorky, Frunze, Burevestnik. Four garages are not empty as well. It is true that the place of automobiles in Bakhmetevsky was taken by the paintings and sculptures; it became a popular exhibition hall. In 1927, in the prime of his fame, Melnikov received permission for private construction in Krivoarbatsky Lane. So, he designed and built a unique house: two connected concrete cylinders with non-standard windows. Why cylinders? Well, it is the minimum perimeter for a given area. The windows were even simpler: a large, twenty-square meter window decorates the living room, and a system of small elongated hexagons provides evenly dispersed light in the studio. The star of world architecture was awarded the title of Honored Architect of Russia in 1972, when Konstantin Stepanovich was eighty-two years old. The architect did not live to see his New Russian neighbors with identical towers and the glowing of the neighboring Arbat.
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Information provided by the Scientific Russia News Agency. Media outlet’s registration certificate: IA No. FS77-62580 issued by the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media on July 31, 2015.
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