29 апреля 1770 года  Джеймс Кук открыл Ботанический залив

On that day, HMS Endeavor, under the command of James Cook, dropped anchor in a picturesque bay on the east coast of Australia.

It is now that we know it was Australia! Back then, James Cook was looking for the Terra Australis Incognita in a pursuit for expanding British possessions. And so an accessible bay on an unknown coast was discovered. As the British landed ashore, the botanist Joseph Benx discovered dozens of plants hitherto unknown to science. The delighted discoverer begged Cook to name the bay Botany Bay. And shall you read somewhere that on that day Cook discovered the Gulf of Bothnia, do not yield to confusion – the gulf in the Baltic Sea was not his discovery.