25 мая по новому стилю 1682 года в Москве взбунтовались стрельцы, подстрекаемые царевной Софьей

They objected to the choice of the young Peter for the throne. As a result, the mentally backward Ivan was crowned Tsar, and Sophia became regent over the brothers making her a virtual ruler. But boys tend to grow up. And the outcome can be seen in a Vasily Surikov’s painting, The Morning of the Streltsy Execution.