Speaking in a high-flown manner, doctor Erismann was a priest of Hygiea (goddess of health in ancient Greece). This daughter of Asclepius (god of medicine) was luckier than her sister Panacea: as her name was given to a real science studying the influence of life and work conditions on health, instead of mythic drug for all diseases. Swiss ophthalmologist Friedrich Guldreich (Fydor Erismann in Russian) was eagerly engrossed in the new science and grew it into a field of medicine. 27-year-old physician came to Russia in 1869 and started testing eyesight of grammar school students. Then he published the disappointing results of his research under title On the Influence of School upon the Origin of Myopia. Now it is clear to everyone that kids strain eyes at school, but at the time of Erismann his discovery meant an advance in medical science. The doctor immediately suggested improving the situation by way of changing the design of school furniture. This was the birth of the famous inclined desk that all of us have sat at for 10 years not knowing that it was the invention of Erismann. The list of doctor Erismann’s achievements includes disinfecting work during the Russian-Turkish War of 1877-78, creation of hygiene department at the Moscow University, textbooks in hygiene, and even scholar papers devoted to organization of water supply and drainage systems in Moscow. Fyodor Erismann founded the first sanitation station in Moscow for testing food products and other articles of daily necessity. Later, it grew into a service of sanitary and epidemiological stations that did its best to protect the health of people and country.
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