On this day, Gaius Julius Caesar defeated the king of the Bosporan state Pharnaces not far from the Pontic city of Zela (located in Asia Minor on the Black Sea coast). Farnacus was the one to get himself in trouble: after his recent victory over the Romans, he was overconfident and desperately brave. But fortune has betrayed the people of the Black Sea: Pharnaces's army was defeated, the fortified camp was stormed, and Pharnaces himself barely managed to escape. Having caught his breath after a short battle, Caesar wrote a letter to his friend Matius in Rome, in which he reported his victory in three words: “I came, I saw, I conquered.” “Veni, vidi, vici,” in Latin. When you see this motto on a pack of Marlboros, you should know that Philip Morris shamelessly borrowed the words from the famous Roman general.
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Information provided by the Scientific Russia News Agency. Media outlet’s registration certificate: IA No. FS77-62580 issued by the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media on July 31, 2015.
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What saints did the conquistadors pray to and why did they decide to conquer Mexico? What was the ethnic, regional, and age composition of the Conquista?