12 августа 1865 года английский хирург Джозеф Листер впервые вымыл руки перед операцией карболовой кислотой

He treated the surgical area with it and sterilized the instruments, and did so for many more months. The mortality rate after surgeries dropped threefold, which is what Lister informed the scientific world about. Today, he is considered the founder of aseptics, because the public did not listen to Ignaz Semmelweis who proposed sterilization twenty years earlier.